Discriminative stimulus properties of the selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, reboxetine, in rats: a characterization with alpha/beta-adrenoceptor subtype selective ligands, antidepressants, and antagonists at neuropeptide receptors
Millan MJ, Dekeyne A.
Institut de Recherches Servier,
Centre de Recherches de Croissy,
Psychopharmacology Department,
Croissy-sur-Seine, Paris, France.
Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Nov 1;:1-15


Although little information is available concerning discriminative stimulus (DS) properties of antidepressants, rats can be trained to recognize the selective norepinephrine (NE) reuptake inhibitor, reboxetine (2.5 mg/kg i.p.). By analogy to reboxetine (effective dose 50, 1.1), 'full' (>/=80%) substitution dose50 was obtained with the NE reuptake inhibitors, nisoxetine (4.9), nomifensine (0.5) and BW1555,U88 (1.0). Full substitution was also attained with the NE/serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitors, S33005 (0.3), venlafaxine (4.8) and duloxetine (26.8), and the tricyclics, imipramine (2.5) and clomipramine (2.9). In contrast, the 5-HT reuptake inhibitors, citalopram, sertraline and paroxetine (all >2.5), and the 5-HT reuptake inhibitors/5-HT2 receptor antagonists, nefazodone and trazodone (both >10.0), did not substitute for reboxetine. The 'atypical' antidepressants, mirtazapine (>10.0) and mianserin (>2.5), similarly failed to substitute. DS properties of reboxetine were dose-dependently blocked by the alpha1-adrenoceptor (AR) antagonists, prazosin (inhibitory dose50, 0.3) and WB4101 (0.5), but resistant to the alpha2-AR antagonists, atipamezole (>0.63), idazoxan (>2.5) and RX821,002 (>0.08), and to the beta1-AR and beta2-AR antagonists, betaxolol (>2.5) and ICI118,551 (>10.0). Interestingly, the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist, GR205,171, stereospecifically substituted for reboxetine (1.1) compared to its less active isomer, GR226,206 (>10.0). The corticotrophin-releasing factor-1 antagonists, DMP695 (>40), CP154,526 (>10.0) and SN003 (>40.0), and the melanin-concentrating hormone-1 antagonist, SNAP-7941 (>40.0), failed to substitute for reboxetine. In conclusion, DS properties of reboxetine are mimicked by antidepressants recognizing NE transporters, and require functionally intact alpha1-ARs for their expression. The neurokinin-1 antagonist, GR205,171, mimicks the interoceptive properties of reboxetine, possibly reflecting its elevation of extracellular levels of NE in corticolimbic structures.
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Noradrenaline reuptake inhibition
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